Table of Contents

SAHPA HG MOPS v2.6

The South African Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association

MANUAL OF PROCEDURES

Incorporating the Rules and Regulations

for

HANG GLIDING

in the Republic of South Africa

1 OPERATIONS

1.1 INTRODUCTION

This Operations & Procedures Manual sets out the particular aspects relating to the control and regulation of Hang Gliding in South Africa. It should be read in conjunction with and considered supplementary to the following previously constituted documents (when these documents have been updated to reflect the current practices of HG in South Africa and that of the HG MOP):

  • The General Air Regulations (CARS)
  • The Civil Aviation Technical Standards (CATS) of the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA).
  • The Constitution of the Aero Club of South Africa
  • Constitution of the South African Hang Gliding and Paragliding Association (SAHPA)

From time to time the various CAR Parts are amended and new CAR Parts are promulgated as necessary. SAHPA members are required to have ready access to the appropriate CAR Parts and to ensure that their members are conversant with those Parts, particularly those listed below: RAASA and The Aero Club of SA should assist hang gliding members with this task.

SA-CARS Part Description
The Civil Aviation Regulations (CAR’s), organised into Parts covering specific aviation activities, are published under the authority of the Civil Aviation Act 13 of 2009 and apply to all aircraft in or over South African territory
Part 12 – Aviation Accidents and IncidentsDetails our responsibilities for reporting incidents and accidents
Part 67 – Medical CertificationDetails the process and certificates relating to pilot medical fitness
Part 94 – Operation of non-type certified aircraftDetails the operational procedures and requirements of non-type certificated aircraft - Hang gliders and paragliders are specifically excluded from this part
Part 141 - Aviation Training OrganisationsDetails the requirements, procedures and certificated of the SAHPA as an ATO
Part 62 – National Pilot licensingDetails of licensing and endorsements of licenses and ratings
Part 149 – Aviation Recreation Organisations– approval
Part 96 – Commercial use of non-type certified aircraftExclusion of our operations from this part

1.2 TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

The term “SAHPA”, whenever used herein shall mean The South African Hang Gliding section of SAHPA, associate member of The Aero Club of South Africa.

The term “SAHPA Executive Committee” shall mean the duly elected members who form the executive committee of SAHPA a legal section 21 company.

The term “Hang Gliders” shall mean to include all facets of the sport, including flex-wings, rigid-wings and self launch systems.

Term Definition
Hang gliding LicenseAdministered by SAHPA but issued by RAASA.
Ratingsadministered by SAHPA but issued by RAASA.

Amendments to this Manual may only be approved by SAHPA, and details of changes shall be notified, as soon as may be practicable, to the SAHPA Executive Committee who in turn communicate as necessary to RAASA and the Commissioner for Civil Aviation, Department of Transport for any CAT's and CAR's amendments if required.

1.3 Document Reviewers

Version Reviewers
Version 2.2 - September 2013 Egmont van Dijk, Lennox Olivier, Kevin Storie, Johan Anderson, Neil Koopman
Version 2.4 - ? Egmont van Dijk, Lennox Olivier, Johan Anderson
Version 2.9 - ? Egmont van Dijk, Lennox Olivier, Kevin Storie, Johan Anderson, Neil Koopman
Version 2.6(a) - “old multi-licence system” - RetiredEgmont van Dijk, Lennox Olivier, Johan Anderson, Neil Koopman, Dave Poval, Michael Coetzee, Adam West, Dirk van Loggerenberg
Version 2.6(b) - “One Licence System” - June 2014 Egmont van Dijk, Lennox Olivier, Johan Anderson, Neil Koopman, Dave Poval, Michael Coetzee, Adam West, Dirk van Loggerenberg

1.4 Responsibilities

SAHPA acknowledges that the association is based on the principle that its members, clubs, schools and instructor affiliates are responsible bodies.

Accordingly, it is SAHPA policy to expect individuals to take responsibility for their flying operations and to conduct such operations with appropriate supervision.

SAHPA supervision is in the form of advice and control to the extent necessary to ensure safety and regulatory compliance.

Where safety is compromised or non-compliance with relevant rules and procedures are not corrected to the satisfaction of the SAHPA committee, the Chairman may take appropriate action against a member of SAHPA in accordance with SAHPA’s constitution and in accordance with the Promotion of Administrative Justice Act (PAJA).

Any such action may include reporting the affiliate to the designated body (RAASA) for further action.

1.4.1 SAHPA HG Committee Appointment

The SAHPA committee will comprise of hang gliding club chairman's and Instructors. SAHPA shall appoint a National Safety & Training Officer for Hang Gliding. These appointments should be reviewed annually.

1.4.2 Qualification

The persons appointed should be held in high regard in the hang gliding fraternity and command respect, and in the case of the NSTO should have an instructor rating

1.4.3 Duties

  1. To ensure that the standard of safety and training is upheld;
  2. to review the training standards of the instructors and schools;
  3. to ensure that the training methods in use are appropriate and current;
  4. to review and up-date the hang gliding licence exam question papers;
  5. to ensure that the Club Licensing and Safety Officers and Observers in each Club are appointed;
  6. to ensure that the site register is maintained;
  7. to arrange disciplinary hearings for members who are in breach of the regulations;
  8. to keep a register of accidents and incidents;
  9. ensuring that clubs constitutions are acceptable (go to SAHPA executive committee);
  10. to hold regular instructors seminars to provide a forum for discussion and interaction on training and safety;

Within SAHPA there are various levels of operational responsibility and are documented in the governance part of the MOP and in the Training Procedures Manual.

  • NSTC
    • Sectional Chairman
    • NSTO
    • Instructors
    • Senior pilots
  • NSTO
    • Safety Officer
    • Senior pilots
  • School
    • CFI
    • Instructor
  • Club
    • Chairman
    • Club Safety and Training Officer
    • Club members
  • Individual member pilot

The individual pilot of an aircraft involved in ‘flying’ operations with all facets of hang gliders may be held directly responsible to the designated body for regulatory compliance.

1.5 Membership

To qualify as a member, the applicant shall complete an application form signed by a SAHPA rated Instructor or Club Safety Officer, and forward it together with the yearly fees as determined by the SAHPA Committee from time to time. Membership is renewable annually.

1.6 Pilot Qualification

No person shall fly a hang glider unless he or she is in possession of a hang gliding license - issued bi-annually by RAASA - and is a current SAHPA member - for insurance purposes SAHPA membership are renewable annually - or holds a valid student licence and is under instruction with a registered approved school or Instructor.

1.7 Airworthiness

1.7.1 New Gliders

All new hang gliders sold in South Africa shall have been certified by an approved test authority and carry a label with the manufacturers name, a serial number and date of manufacture. In addition, if not on the label, the quality controller's signature, pilot mass range, glider operating limitations and the pilot experience level must be easily obtainable from the manufacturer. Gliders designed before 1995 are exempted from this certification.

1.7.2 Training Gliders

Training hang gliders must be suitable for the purpose of instruction and training.

1.7.3 New Reserve Parachutes

All new reserve parachutes, sold as emergency back-up systems for hang gliding are to conform to an approved test standard.

1.7.4 Approved Test Authorities

The following testing Authorities are approved for the certification of new hang gliders and reserve parachutes:

  • AFNOR (The French ACPULS certification)
  • All test centres approved to test to the LTF standard
  • USHGA (The United States Hang Gliding Association)
  • AHGF (Australian Hang Gliding Federation)
  • SHV (The Swiss Hang Gliding certification)
  • All test centres approved to test to the EN926 standard
  • SAPA (SA Parachute Association) reserve parachute testing procedure
  • And any other Authority approved by the SAHPA Executive from time to time.

1.8 General Airworthiness

Members shall ensure that their hang gliders and suspension systems are airworthy at the commencement of each flight.

Over and above the normal pre-flight inspection checks, all pilots shall ensure that their hang gliders are to undergo a detailed inspection at least once a year.

No member shall fly a hang glider which has been grounded by a duly appointed Safety Officer, Instructor, or SAHPA National Safety & Training officer until such time as the fault leading to such grounding has been rectified.

1.9 Local Manufacture and Repairs

  1. All locally manufactured hang gliders must comply with the certification standards of the accepted testing body. (ref. 1.7.1 and 1.7.4)
  2. Any licensed hang glider pilot may do maintenance and repairs to his glider and equipment as required to maintain airworthiness.
  3. It is recommended that all repairs are done with a) original or b) factory recommended or c) equivalent replacement parts.
  4. All repairs remain the pilot’s responsibility.

1.10 Re-packing of Reserve Parachutes

Back-up parachutes for hang gliders should be repacked at least annually or in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

Pilots may repack their own reserve parachutes but may not repack on behalf of another pilot unless approved by SAHPA or PASA.

It is however recommended that only SAHPA or PASA licensed parachute packers carry out re-packing of reserves.

1.11 Air Navigation Regulations

Air Navigation Regulations, as applicable to hang gliders, shall be observed and complied with at all times.

1.12 Categories and classes of Hang Gliders

1.12.1 Definitions

“Hang glider” means a glider capable of being foot launched and landed solely by the energy and use of the pilots legs. The use of wheels to assist with launching and landing a hang glider is a world standard safety device and this definition specifically does not exclude the use of them.

“Powered assisted launching hang glider” (PALHG) means a certified hang glider wing making use of an on board propulsion system.

No persons may fly a hang glider in the Republic of South Africa unless they are a member or temporary member of SAHPA with a hang gliding license.

1.12.2 Hang glider classes

The following are the Class of hang gliders that fall under the control of SAHPA for hang gliding and comes directly from CIVL to conform with international standards for hang gliding competitions. In all cases the wing must be a certified hang-gliding wing.:

  1. Class 1 hang glider having a rigid primary structure with pilot weight-shift as the method of primary control in all axes.
  2. Class 2 hang glider having rigid primary structure with movable aerodynamic surfaces as the method of control in at least two axes. These hang gliders might not be able to demonstrate the ability to safely take-off and/or land in nil-wind conditions, but otherwise are capable of being launched and landed by the use of the pilots legs. These include micro gliders such as the Swift, Millenium, The Goat and the Super Floater.
  3. Class 5 hang glider having rigid primary structure with movable aerodynamic surfaces as the method of control in at least one axis. These include fixed wing hang gliders such as the Atos and Phantom and Extaccy etc.

Note: Any glider class may utilize the four forms of launching methods (Winch towing, Aero towing, on board propulsion systems and hill or mountain launching). In each case wheels may be used for safety reasons to facilitate launching and landing.

1.13 Use of Hang Gliding equipment

No member or Instructor may permit the use of, sell or loan a glider to any person, unless the person is:

  • A full member of SAHPA and holds a RAASA hang gliding licence.
  • A temporary member and is engaged in on-going training towards a hang gliding licence.
  • A foreign temporary member of SAHPA and provided the person has the appropriate experience suitable for the glider.

1.14 Rules of the Air

It is every pilots responsibility to avoid mid air collisions. This means do not stick to your rights blindly.

1.14.1 Open Air Space

Gliders on collision courses with other gliders or with any other aircraft shall each turn to the right.

1.14.2 Ridge Soaring

Gliders on collision courses shall turn to the right unless to do so brings a pilot too close to the ground for reasonable safety. In this event only the pilot, who is able to turn right, away from the ground, shall turn.

1.14.3 Converging Courses

Gliders shall give way to gliders on their right.

1.14.4 Thermalling

Gliders entering a thermal shall circle in the same direction as the first glider to enter the thermal.

Gliders with slower climb rates shall give way to gliders climbing towards them.

If two gliders enter a thermal simultaneously, the lower glider shall dictate the thermalling direction.

1.14.5 Approach/Landing

Gliders at lower altitudes shall have right of way.

1.14.6 Overtaking

The glider being overtaken shall have right of way.

The glider overtaking shall overtake on the right, except when ridge soaring when the overtaking glider will pass between the ridge and the glider being overtaken.

Tandems, when overtaking, unless while ridge soaring, should overtake on the downwind side of another glider.

1.14.7 Cloud Flying

Gliders shall fly in VMC (Visual Meteorological Conditions)as specified in the CAR's, unless flying is within a specified airspace designated by the local ATSU.

1.14.8 Night Flying

No person shall fly a glider by night. Daylight hours as defined in the Civil Aviation Regulations shall apply.

1.14.9 Cross Country Flying

No person shall fly cross country without the appropriate experience in navigation and controlled airspace awareness.

1.15 Tandem flights

  1. No person may fly with a passenger without being in possession of a current tandem pilot rating.
  2. Only current Instructors and TFI's, may carry tandem passengers for reward if the passenger is being flown for the purposes of instruction.
  3. For training and commercial purposes it is a requirement that the tandem pilot get a SAHPA approved, signed indemnity from their passenger or student before undertaking flights, and clearly advises them of the inherent dangers of undertaking a tandem flight, further that they are not insured by SAHPA for third party liability unless the required student documentation is completed and the prescribed fee paid.
  4. Passengers can be flown by a tandem rated pilot on standard non-tandem rated gliders as long as the combined weight does not exceed the maximum certified weight of the hang glider.

1.16 Instruction and Introduction

  • No person may give hang glider instruction or introduction unless in possession of a current SAHPA Instructor rating and operating within a registered school.

1.17 Use of radio communication

  • Hang gliders are exempted from having to carry an airband radio. This according to CAR 91.05.1(5). (See also Part 94 for NTCA).
  • Licensed hang glider pilots with valid radio licences and call signs may use the SAHPA frequencies of 141.600MHz and 141.625MHz countrywide.
  • Radio licences and call signs are obtainable from SAHPA on payment of an annual licence fee.
  • Radio users should observe good radio etiquette and procedure at all times.
  • Pilots using airband radios must have a Restricted Radio Operator's Licence or higher.

1.18 Equipment

1.18.1 Protective headgear

  1. Protective headgear shall be suitable for the purpose and in good condition.
  2. All members shall wear protective headgear at all times whilst flying a hang glider with the following exceptions where the wearing of such are not mandatory:
    1. For demonstration purposes whilst flying below 20ft AGL.
    2. For certain class 2 hang gliders or suspension systems that offer suitable pilot restraint and protection, the use of protective gear in these cases is not mandatory but remains recommended.

1.18.2 Reserve Parachutes

  1. All hang glider pilots flying in an organised Provincial or National competitions must use a suitable reserve parachute.
  2. All hang glider pilots flying tandem at altitudes above 450ft AGL must use a suitable reserve parachute.

1.18.3 Altimeters

  1. No hang glider pilot shall fly without an altimeter capable of measuring to plus minus 30m unless such flight is a training flight, skills test or the pilot will not exceed 1500ft AGL. The exception to this rule are sites that have specific airspace restrictions of less than that.
  2. It is every hang glider pilot's responsibility to ensure they remain clear of controlled airspace at all times, irrespective of any altimeter stipulations or requirements.

1.19 Conduct

  1. Members shall conduct themselves in a manner that will not bring the sport into disrepute.
  2. Members shall not trespass, leave litter, damage flora, interfere with fauna or livestock, light fires (other than in an authorised area), or do anything which may cause the loss of flying sites.
  3. Members shall not cause harm to the sport of hang gliding in any way.
  4. On signing the SAHPA membership form, members automatically accept and will comply with the SAHPA Governance MOP, which includes the code of conduct and ethics.

2 LICENCES - GENERAL

2.1 Awarding of a hang gliding Licence

A licence application shall be approved by an Instructor on behalf of SAHPA. The NSTO may revoke a hang gliding license if there is doubt as to the skill, safety or knowledge base of the applicant. Members not part of a club may apply for renewals directly from the SAHPA National Safety and Training officer.

2.2 Eligibility

It is a legal condition that a hang gliding pilot's licence shall only be issued to paid up members of SAHPA.

2.3 Application Forms

A licence application shall be made on the prescribed form, which shall be signed by the applicant and Instructor or NSTO and accompanied by the appropriate fee, training proficiency card, skills test form, medical fitness certificate, abbreviated logbook and for first time applicants a copy of your ID and a passport photograph. License renewals may be signed by the Club Licensing and Safety Officer.

2.4 Medical Fitness Certificate

  1. A self declaration Medical Fitness certificate shall be completed by a prospective student, regardless of age, prior to commencing training, and shall be attached to the Student Licence application.
  2. This self declaration Medical Fitness certificate shall be completed every second year and attached to the licence renewal application for RAASA.
  3. Exemption to the requirements above exists for pilots holding a current CAA Approved Class 1, 2 or 4 Medical Certificate.
  4. Tandem pilots flying for reward must have a valid Class 4 medical certificate.
  5. Recreational tandem pilots must comply with the medical practitioners declaration found in addendum C.
  6. Hang Gliding Instructors not flying tandem only need to complete the self declaration medical Fitness Certificate.

2.5 Entitlement

  1. A licence will entitle the nominated holder to fly a hang glider from any site provided their experience level is appropriate for the site grading.
  2. Requirements of local affiliated clubs, landowners, and local authorities must be met in each case.

2.6 Age Limitations

2.6.1 Commencement of Training

  1. A Learners certificate may be issued and solo training commenced at the age of 14.
  2. The trainee may only fly under direct supervision of a SAHPA instructor.
  3. The Learners certificate must be renewed every six months until the pilot can obtain the Hang gliding license.

2.6.2 Issuing of Licences

  1. No Hang gliding licence shall be issued to a person under the age of 16.
  2. Persons under the age of 18 must submit with their application written consent of their parents or legal guardians.

2.7 New Licence Applications

2.7.1 Learners Certificate Applications

  1. All trainee pilots are to be registered as Student Pilots prior to the commencement of practical flight training.
  2. Learner Certificates are obtained by completing the Learner Certificate Membership form and the Medical Fitness Certificate and paying the appropriate fee to the instructor or SAHPA.
  3. It is the responsibility of the SAHPA Instructor to submit completed Learner certificate forms together with the Medical Fitness Certificate and the appropriate fee to the SAHPA Secretary within 7 days of commencement of training.
  4. A Learner Certificate provides temporary membership to SAHPA (including temporary third party insurance) - and is valid for a 6 month period only.
  5. All trainee pilots are required to complete the appropriate exercises, both practical and theoretical, on a Training Proficiency Card. The activities required for the hang gliding licence are to be signed by a SAHPA rated Instructor, and the Card is to be submitted with the licence application.
  6. Only SAHPA rated Instructors may sign off a Training Proficiency Card.
  7. Training Proficiency Cards are compulsory for all trainee pilots.
  8. In the case of a Hang Gliding Introductory Course, comprising no more than 3 days and no less than 4 hours consisting of theory and practical exercises, the trainee pilot must be in possession of a temporary Learner Certificate, which will not be valid for more than 3 days from the documented date on the application form TFI introduction course Booklet. An Indemnity and Learner Certificate form must be completed.

2.7.2 Temporary Hang Gliding instructional flight experience licence applications

  1. All temporary instructional flight experience licences shall be valid for one full day and be completed by the applicant and the tandem rated hang gliding instructor or TFI conducting the flight.
  2. The applicant must complete the SAHPA temporary instructional flight experience certificate and will retain their tear-off portion for purposes of proof.
  3. The tandem rated hang gliding instructor or TFI will retain the top copy for their records and will submit the 2nd copy which remains in the booklet, to SAHPA once the licence booklet copies have been depleted.
  4. These booklets are the property of SAHPA and need to be purchased per booklet at the prices stipulated by SAHPA
  5. New Certificate books will only be furnished on receipt of the previous completed book and the receipt of the fees payable.
  6. An Instructional flight experience is defined as a tandem flight where the Instructor is remunerated for demonstrating basic flight principles.

2.7.3 Hang Gliding Licence Applications

  1. A Hang Gliding Licence may only be awarded upon the successful completion of the Training Proficiency Card, with the approval of a SAHPA Instructor.
  2. Completed Training Proficiency Cards must be attached to the completed licence application as well as the completed and passed theory test, appropriate fees paid and copy of training logbook.

2.7.4 Class 2 and 5 hang gliders - rigid wings

  1. Training on Class 2 hang gliders may only commence if the applicant has a Hang gliding license with a minimum of 3 hours solo in a three axis glider or holds a license in any three axis aircraft while enrolled as a student hang glider pilot under training for the hang gliding license.
  2. Class 1 pilots may fly Class 5 gliders after at least 25 hours and 60 flights experienced on Class 1 hang gliders.
  3. Exemption to the above rule can be applied if training was done from the onset using the tandem Class 5 hang gliding training method.

2.8 Licence Privileges

  1. Members may exercise the privileges of the hang gliding licence from the time of payment of the prescribed fee, submission of all required documents to the designated body and the licence has been signed into the pilot's logbook by the Instructor.
  2. The hang gliding license privileges are described in this MOP and must be catered for in the CAR’s and CATS by RAASA.
  3. The hang gliding licence will entitle the nominated holder to fly a hang glider from any site provided their experience level is appropriate for the site.
  4. Any pilot may approach the HG NSTO and\or SAHPA to have a license or rating temporarily put on hold after consideration by SAHPA. If the request of temporary suspension is upheld by SAHPA then it must be put on the pilots file at RAASA.

2.9 Instructor Rating Application

  1. Any hang glider pilot with the appropriate experience may apply for their instructor ratings after successful completion of all requirements on the Instructor Rating Application.
  2. Applications must be submitted to the NSTO who will take the application to SAHPA for approval BEFORE the licence can be awarded.
  3. Instructor written theory tests may only be marked by the National Safety and Training Officer or his delegate.

2.10 Proof of Licence

  1. The hang gliding licence, or a copy thereof, shall be carried at all times whilst at flying sites, and shall be produced on request to any SAHPA member, Civil Aviation Authority Inspector, Police Officer, Forest or Park Ranger, landowner or any other competent authority.

2.11 Period of Validity

  1. A hang gliding license shall be officially renewed every 24 months but will be valid only whilst the holder is a paid up member of SAHPA and Aero Club of SA.

2.12 Suspension of Licence

Licences shall be suspended automatically and immediately in the event of:

  1. The holder being in an accident, whether flying or otherwise, in which they suffer from concussion;
  2. A medical practitioner being of the opinion that the holder has ceased to be fit to fly hang gliders safely. Such suspension may be authorised by the Club Licensing & Safety Officer or the National Safety & Training Officer, and shall continue until such time as a fresh medical certificate of fitness has been obtained from the GP.
  3. a pilot being in serious breach of the rules and regulations or a serious breach of safety. Such a breach must be reported to the NSTO who will have a hearing with the offending pilot and SAHPA within fourteen days of such a breach.

2.13 Fees

  1. Each application for a hang gliding licence or any rating is to be accompanied by the required fee as laid down by the SAHPA Executive Committee after consultation with SAHPA from time to time.

2.14 Non-Availability of Club Safety Officers

  1. In regions where no Local Club system is operating a hang gliding licence or rating shall be awarded at the discretion of the SAHPA National Safety & Training Officer or his delegate to whom applications shall be made direct for consideration on merit.
  2. Such applications must be accompanied by logbooks and may be further motivated by recommendations from senior pilots, or Observers from other regions.

2.15 Pilots from Other Countries

2.15.1 Local Pilots with Foreign Licences

  1. In the event of a membership application being received from a pilot already having attained a hang gliding licence in a foreign country, the pilot will be required to pass an assessment of their flying skills and an oral evaluation of their flying knowledge by a registered SAHPA Instructor.

2.15.2 Visiting Foreign Pilots

  1. In the case of visiting pilots, temporary membership status may be granted and the licence shall be valid for a specified period only, after a temporary membership fee has been paid as prescribed by the SAHPA Executive Committee. The fee shall include full Public Liability Insurance cover comparable to that of a local pilot.
  2. The foreign licence must be valid for the full period of the temporary licence.
  3. A foreign pilot living in South Africa for a period exceeding 6 months is expected to apply for a full SAHPA licence.
  4. Foreign Instructor ratings do not apply unless the Instructor has been validated by the SAHPA Hang Gliding committee and he has complied with the minimum requirements for instructors as stipulated in the HG MOP.

3 LICENCE AND RATINGS REQUIREMENTS

3.1 The Hang Gliding license

SAHPA HG License structure

3.1.1 Learners Certificate

Must complete and submit the following to SAHPA:

  1. a Learners Certificate application,
  2. Self Declaration Medical Fitness Certificate and Indemnity Certificate,
  3. pay the prescribed temporary membership fee, unless the applicant is already a full member of SAHPA,
  4. provide a copy of their ID/passport and a ID photograph

Registration for students must be received by SAHPA not later than 7 days after commencing the training course.

A Learner Certificate permits the registered student:

  1. to under-go training in hang gliding under direct supervision of a SAHPA licensed Instructor.
  2. to claim for insurance cover from the first day of training.

3.1.2 The Hang gliding Licence

Must successfully complete the applicable requirements on the Training Proficiency Card, which include:

  1. Pass Hang gliding Licence written test.
  2. The pilot shall have undergone at least four days of training with a SAHPA rated Instructor.
  3. The pilot shall have logged at least 5 solo flights of at least 60 seconds duration each.
  4. Be capable of demonstrating the following to a satisfactory standard:
    1. Thorough pre-flight check
    2. Take off in wind of less than 28kph
    3. Ability to maintain correct flying speed
    4. Partial stall and recovery
    5. Controlled 180 degree turns in both directions with pre-determined entry and exit without marked slip or slide
    6. 5 out of 5 landings in a designated area
    7. Good take-off technique
    8. Knowledge of back-up reserve deployment
  5. Complete all applicable sections of the SAHPA Training Proficiency Card.

3.1.3 Training by Tandem flying

In addition to the Hang gliding license requirements as above

  1. Students, who are trained by tandem instruction, should complete at least 10 flights of a minimum of 2 minutes each as P2 with the instructor before flying solo.
  2. The student will complete a minimum of 5 solo flights of at least 2 minutes duration each and minimum 100m ground clearance.
3.1.3.1 Training on Class 2 hang gliders

In addition to the Hang gliding license requirements as above, where a student is undergoing training on a Class 2 hang glider, before such training can commence the student must be

  1. the holder of a current three axis aircraft license.
  2. or have undergone training in a sailplane with a minimum of 3 hours solo.
  3. Training may only be done by an appropriately rated SAHPA instructor.
  1. It is highly recommended that all flights of low airtime and new hang gliding pilots be made under the direct supervision of a SAHPA rated Instructor or senior pilot. However, pilots may fly unsupervised at sites and in conditions appropriate for their experience level. As a guideline, low air time hang glider pilots should:
  2. fly only in smooth winds of 30 kph or less, and gusty winds of no more than 20 kph.
  3. on slopes of 2:1 to 7:1, where wind is no more than 40 degrees of being straight up the slope.
3.1.3.3 Important notes on the hang gliding license
  1. The hang gliding licence can be issued using hill, tow, powered or aero-tow training methods. This is to facilitate training by means of all alternative launch methods.

To obtain the hang gliding licence, the pilot will submit the following to the SAHPA Office:

  1. Marked and passed hang gliding Licence examination
  2. Membership Application form, duly completed and signed by the instructor and the pilot
  3. Completed as appropriate and signed Training Proficiency Card
  4. Copy of logbook showing all training and high flights
  5. SAHPA Membership fees
  6. And first time applicants a copy of ID or Passport
  7. ID photo graph

3.2 Hang Gliding Ratings

3.2.1 Tandem Rating

The tandem rating applies to the launch type endorsed for tandem flying into the pilot's logbook.

In addition,

  1. The Applicant must have logged 300 solo flights of minimum 60 seconds duration each
  2. Have a minimum of 150 hours of total solo airtime
  3. Be in possession of a Level 4 Pilot Proficiency Sign off.
  4. For commercial flying must have a CAA Approved Class 4 Medical Fitness certificate (or equivalent or higher)
  5. For recreational tandem flights the appropriate Doctors fitness approval
  6. Must have read the SAHPA Tandem recommendations
  7. Must have done at least 10 tandem flights, of which the first three must be with a SAHPA tandem rated instructor, 3 of which must be as passenger and 5 as pilot in command
  8. Must have passed the theory exam for tandem hang gliding
  9. Must have a Club Observer approval
  10. Must apply to the SAHPA hang gliding Committee for final approval
  11. Pilot in command shall carry an appropriate reserve for all tandem flights exceeding 450ft agl.

For the Tandem rating to be considered by the SAHPA Hang Gliding Committee, the pilot must submit the following to the SAHPA Office:

  1. Tandem Rating Application Checklist, signed by the Club Safety Officer or instructor, after agreement by the Club Observer
  2. The appropriate medical fitness doctors approval.
  3. Copy of last 2 pages of logbook

3.2.2 Instructors Rating grade B - Tandem Flight Instructor

  1. The pilot shall have logged at least 20 tandem flights totaling at least 10 hours airtime.
  2. Be in possession of a Level 4 Pilot Proficiency Sign off for at least 12 months.
  3. Be in possession of a Tandem Rating for at least 12 months.
  4. Hold a recognized certificate of competency in First Aid (St. John Ambulance, Red Cross, Industrial, Military, or equivalent) that is current and valid during the period of the licence to be granted.
  5. Proper attitude, airmanship, responsibility, approachability and above average flying skills to be displayed.
  6. Must have read the SAHPA tandem flying manual.
  7. Satisfactory safety record.

For the Tandem Rating Instructor's grade B rating to be considered by SAHPA, the pilot must submit the following to the SAHPA Office:

  • Tandem Instructor Rating Grade B Application Checklist, signed by the National Safety and Training Officer, after agreement by SAHPA.
  • Letter of recommendation from a SAHPA rated Instructor
  • Certificate of competency in First Aid (St. John Ambulance, Red Cross, Industrial, Military, or equivalent) that is current and valid during the period of the licence to be granted
  • Proof of practical flight experiences gained as a tandem pilot
  • Copy of relevant pages of logbook
  • A copy of a CAA Approved Class 4 Medical Fitness Certificate (or equivalent or higher).

3.2.3 Instructors Rating grade A

  1. The pilot shall have logged at least 200 solo flights or 100 hours airtime.
  2. Be in possession of a Level 4 Pilot Proficiency Sign off for at least 12 months.
  3. Pass Instructor rating written test.
  4. Pass the most recent compiled test papers for the hang gliding licence.
  5. Hold a recognized certificate of competency in First Aid (St. John Ambulance, Red Cross, Industrial, Military, or equivalent) that is current and valid during the period of the licence to be granted.
  6. Proper attitude, airmanship, responsibility, approachability and practical instructor potential to be displayed.
  7. Must be in possession of the USHGA Instructors manual as mandatory reading.
  8. Satisfactory safety record.
  9. Practical experience gained either:
    1. By observing and assisting a SAHPA rated Instructor, taking at least one student from start to the finish of Hang gliding course.
    2. It is recommended that the applicant, in addition spends at least one day of training of student pilots with a different SAHPA registered school.

For the Instructor rating to be considered by SAHPA, the pilot must submit the following to the SAHPA Office:

  • Instructor Rating Application Checklist, signed by the National Safety and Training Officer, after agreement by SAHPA.
  • Letter of recommendation by SAHPA rated Instructor
  • Certificate of competency in First Aid (St. John Ambulance, Red Cross, Industrial, Military, or equivalent) that is current and valid during the period of the licence to be granted
  • Proof of practical instructing experience gained as an assistant instructor as above
  • Copy of last 2 pages of logbook

3.3 Notes

  1. Licence and ratings may only be issued to members of SAHPA.
  2. Members shall keep an accurate log of all flights, regardless of time. The logbook shall be kept up-to-date and shall make provision for reference to accumulated time in the air. All training flights for licensing and ratings must be signed for by an independent party, preferably a hang glider pilot or Instructor, whenever practical.
  3. Hang gliding Licence written tests and ratings shall be marked only by a SAHPA rated instructor. All tests shall be based upon a standard question paper drawn up and circulated from time to time by the SAHPA hang gliding National Safety & Training Officer. Papers shall be marked consistently against the designated pass mark and appropriate model answers provided by the National Safety & Training Officer.
  4. Instructor rating written tests may only be marked by the National Safety & Training Officer, or a suitably experienced, competent, SAHPA rated instructor approved by him.
  5. Oral testing will only be allowed after prior application to SAHPA and can be granted for proven difficulties with writing, such as dyslexia, or temporary physical impediments provided that such problems will not prohibit safe flying or understanding of rules and regulations.

4 LICENCE AND RATINGS RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS

4.1 HANG GLIDING LICENCE RENEWALS

4.1.1 Application

  1. A renewal form shall be completed by each pilot for the bi-annual renewal of the hang gliding licence.
  2. Every renewal application shall be accompanied by SAHPA renewal forms and an abbreviated logbook.

4.1.2 Authorised Signatories

  1. Renewal applications shall be signed by the appointed local Club Safety Officers or instructors, who shall satisfy themselves that the appropriate renewal requirements have been met.
  2. Instructor rating renewals shall be submitted to the National Safety & Training Officer for approval and signature.
  3. The National Safety & Training Officer will only consider authorising unsigned renewal applications if it can be satisfactorily shown that there is no local club operating in the area.

4.1.3 Hang Gliding Licence renewal criteria

4.1.3.1 Learner Certificates:
  1. No minimum experience required.
  2. Renewable every 6 months.
4.1.3.2 Hang gliding Licence
  1. At least 20 flights and 2 hours in the last 24 months.
  2. The pilot must submit a newly signed self declaration Medical Fitness Certificate.

4.2 Hang Gliding Ratings Renewals

4.2.1 Tandem Rating:

  1. Minimum of 10 flights and 2 hour on tandem gliders within the last 24 month period.
  2. new applicable Medical Fitness Certificate as per the period of validity.
  3. Failing currency requirements the pilot must do a retest consisting of at least an oral evaluation and at least 1 tandem flight demonstration with a current Tandem Instructor.

4.2.2 Grade C Instructors Rating

  • Not applicable

4.2.3 Grade B Instructors Rating Tandem

  1. Minimum of 10 flights and 2 hour on tandem gliders within the last 24 month period.
  2. new applicable Medical Fitness Certificate as per the period of validity.
  3. Failing currency requirements the pilot must do a retest consisting of at least an oral evaluation and at least 1 tandem flight demonstration with a current Tandem Instructor.

4.2.4 Grade A Instructor Rating

  1. Be active as a school instructor engaged in basic training OR regularly participating in the running of safety and training projects at Club level, during the previous 24 month period.
  2. Have a satisfactory safety record, determined by the hang gliding NS&TO or his appointed delegate.
  3. Be in possession of a First Aid Certificate valid for the period of the rating (should the First Aid Certificate expire during the period, the new certificate must be submitted to SAHPA before the expiry date of the previous certificate)
  4. AND Submit a newly self signed medical certificate of fitness if not current.

4.3 Maintenance of ratings

  • Ratings are only valid provided a licence is current.

4.4 Re-issue of hang gliding license or a rating

A pilot who has failed to meet currency requirements or whose license has lapsed must complete a currency skills test supervised by an instructor. The test must comprise of at least 1 observation flight, plus an oral evaluation of the pilots knowledge base. The most current theoretical exams must be used as bench mark for oral evaluations. On completion the instructor will issue the applicant a Pilot Proficiency Sign off.

For lapsed Instructor ratings, the pilot will have to:

  1. assist a current HG Instructor for at least three days which shall include practical and theoretical instruction while under Instructor supervision.
  2. Re-apply to the NSTO with a letter of recommendation from the supervisory Instructor showing proof of three days assessment training completed.
  3. Reinstatement of the Instructor HG rating will only ocure after deliberation between the NSTO and SAHPA.
  • If the Instructor rating has lapsed for more than three years all of the requirements of 3.2.3 must be met.

4.5 Proof of Licence

  • Members must carry and be able to furnish proof of license and membership to any relevant authority upon request.

4.6 Suspension of the hang gliding licence

The hang gliding licences shall be suspended automatically and immediately in the event of:

  1. The holder being in an accident, whether flying or otherwise, in which they suffer from concussion.
  2. A medical practitioner being of the opinion that the holder has ceased to be fit to fly.
  3. Such temporary suspension may be authorised by a Safety Officer or the National Safety & Training Officer, and shall continue until such time as a fresh medical certificate of fitness has been obtained from the GP and due process has been followed.
  4. Notification of such suspension for a serious breach of the rules and regulations or a serious breach of safety, to the pilot by the National Safety & Training Officer, and will follow the disciplinary process as set out in the organizational governance.

4.7 Non-Availability of Club Safety and Training Officers

In regions where no Local Club system is operating and/or where suitably qualified Club Safety and Training Officers are not available, licences shall be awarded at the discretion of the relevant National Safety & Training Officer or his delegate to whom applications shall be made direct for consideration on merit. Such applications must be accompanied by logbooks and may be further motivated by recommendations from senior pilots.

4.7.1 Notes

4.7.1.1 Proof of Flights
  1. All pilots have to prove that they have flown regularly and have done the required number of flights over the previous 24 months by completing an abbreviated logbook and documenting their hours on the SAHPA renewal form.
  2. Pilots can at any stage by SAHPA, Aero club or the CAA, be requested to produce their logbooks in hard copy for scrutiny if an audit is required.
  3. All pilots are required by law to keep a written or printed logbook and it is suggested that those pilots maintaining log books digitally print out a hard copy every every six (6) weeks to comply with this regulation.
  4. In the case of a hang gliding licence or new rating application pilots must attach the relevant log book pages showing the flights required for the application.
  5. These relevant log book pages must be signed by the authorised Club Licensing and Safety Officer or instructor and must accompany the application.
4.7.1.2 Penalty
  1. Failure to meet these currency requirements will result in no license being issued until a skills test and oral evaluation of the pilot's knowledgebase has been performed.
  2. Before any skills test can be performed the applicant must be either a) a paid up member of SAHPA or b) have taken out an introductory course membership to comply with insurance purposes. (Note: Need to clarify details.)
  3. The applicant may not fly without the supervision of an Instructor until such time he has received his license notification from SAHPA.
  4. Should an instructor fail to meet these requirements, the National Safety and Training Officer can appoint a duly qualified person to assess the pilot's skills (currency skill test) and make a recommendation on the renewal of the rating.
  5. If the Instructor rating has lapsed for more than three years the applicant will have to comply with the requirements of applying for a new rating.
4.7.1.3 Currency skill test

A skills test for hang gliding should comprise:

  1. Assessment of take-off and landing ability
  2. Assessment of turns - consecutive 360o turns or thermalling if possible
  3. ridge soaring if possible
  4. good judgement for landing in a small landing space
  5. The pilot should also show good theoretical knowledge of his/her previous ratings, Pilot Proficiency sign off based on current exams.
  6. At least one skill test flight while under supervision by an instructor, or a person appointed by the NS&TO.

The currency skill test must be completed on the Currency Skill Test Form in the appropriate places and submitted with the Renewal Application.

5 NSTC AND REPUTABLE PERSONS

5.1 NATIONAL SAFETY AND TRAINING COMMITTEE HANG GLIDING

  • The NSTC HG will oversee the standards of training and licensing procedures as well as disciplinary procedures for Hang Gliding.
  • The NSTC HG will also deal with all safety related matters.
  • The NSTC HG will also deal with the approval of acceptable certification standards of hang gliders as and when these may arise.
  • The NSTC HG will consist of a representative for each HG related discipline i.e. Flex wings and Rigid Wings as well as the SAHPA section chairperson and at least 4 hang gliding Instructors.
  • The NSTO may appoint RSTO at his/her discretion but in consultation with the members on the NSTC HG, to assist in the operations of the section.
  • The NSTO HG must hold an instructors license.

5.1.1 Grounding

Any Instructor, Club Safety officer or senior pilot is empowered by SAHPA Executive Committee to ground any hang glider including suspension systems, power units and launching mechanisms that are considered unairworthy. Any such grounding is to be reported to the Club Licensing & Safety Officer and NSTO within 7 days.

5.1.2 Disciplinary hearings

In the event of a breach of the rules the National Safety and Training Officer or his delegate will be responsible for:

  1. Gathering of official allegations and evidence pertaining to the misconduct or breach of rules
  2. Obtaining official written responses on the alleged charge from the pilot or instructor accused of the breach of rules or misconduct
  3. Ensuring that a “notification of a formal hearing” notice is sent
  4. Organising a formal hearing
  5. Recommending to the SAHPA Executive and the SAHPA hang gliding committee of any actions to be taken
  6. Ensuring that the approved actions are carried out

5.1.3 Suspension of Licences

The National Safety and Training Officer is empowered to temporarily suspend a pilot's licence or rating for a breach of the Rules and Regulations.

5.1.4 Removal of licences or ratings

The SAHPA HG Committee, The NSTC and HG NSTO are empowered to remove the hang gliding licence and any rating of any pilot, instructor or tandem pilot, if after relevant hearings and the following of procedures documented in the disciplinary section of the MOP, and the pilot is found to be guilty of misconduct, or in breach of the regulations or proven to be displaying negligence unbecoming of a pilot previously authorized to hold such ratings.

5.2 CLUB SAFETY AND TRAINING OFFICER

5.2.1 Appointment

Each affiliated Club shall appoint a Safety and Training Officer and shall maintain a register of such person's details and notify SAHPA in writing of these details annually.

5.2.2 Qualifications

The Club Safety and Training Officer must be a senior pilot with appropriate experience. This condition may be waived by the National Safety and Training Officer in conjunction with the SAHPA HG committee if no suitably qualified person is available. Where no suitably qualified Club Safety and Training Officer is available, SAHPA HG National Safety and Training Officer will resume this responsibility. The NSTO may appoint a suitably qualified pilot from another Club or area to assist until the problem has been resolved.

5.2.3 Duties

Duties of the Club Safety and Training Officer shall include:

  1. Ascertaining that pilots have the practical and theoretical capabilities required for a Rating application, in conjunction with the Observer Committee;
  2. Observing and reporting any unsafe operations of pilots, Schools and conduct of instructors;
  3. Signing of renewal forms after deliberation with the Observers;
  4. Sign logbooks of pilots where required;
  5. To assist, supervise and advise pilots of lower experience;
  6. To obtain accident and incident reports, investigate where required, and forward them to the SAHPA HG National Safety and Training Officer or SAHPA Office with remarks, if any;
  7. To provide safety forums in the club context, where possible;
  8. To prevent unlicensed pilots from flying.
  9. And generally maintain flying discipline and safety consciousness in the Club environment.

5.3 CLUB OBSERVERS

5.3.1 Appointment and Qualifications

All senior pilots of a club will be considered official Observers. Such members must be current members of SAHPA.

5.3.2 Duties

Recommended duties of the Observers shall include

  1. The signing of logbooks as witnesses to flights;
  2. To assist, supervise and advise pilots of lower experience;
  3. To prevent unlicensed pilots from flying;
  4. Report un-airworthy equipment and gliders to the Licensing and Safety Officer;
  5. To report observations and offences to the Licensing & Safety Officer;

5.4 REPUTABLE PERSONS

5.4.1 Appointment

Every hang glider pilot with a valid hang gliding license will be deemed a reputable person.

5.4.2 Qualifications

The pilot must hold a valid Hang gliding license and are considered to have the necessary knowledge and experience to inspect their hang gliders, suspension systems and launching systems for airworthiness and serviceability.

5.4.3 Duties

The duty of every licensed hang glider pilot as a reputable person is to act as an airworthiness inspector to conduct a thorough inspection of a hang glider to ensure that it is safe to be flown.

5.4.4 Certificate of Airworthiness

Individual hang gliders are exempted from airworthiness certification provided the hang glider is certified by an approved organisation as described in 1.12.3.

5.5 SITE CONTROL

5.5.1 Control of Sites

  1. The flying and discipline at sites in any area shall be controlled by the local Club or Clubs, schools or landowners in accordance with guidelines as documented in this MOP including local bylaws or any landowner agreements.
  2. A visiting pilot who breaches the rules may be prohibited from further flying at sites in the area, and his local Club may be approached for further disciplinary action. Should the pilot not belong to any Club, SAHPA Executive committee may be approached with a written complaint against the pilot. SAHPA Executive committee will investigate the allegations and take necessary actions, where required.
  3. Where no Clubs are operating in an area, the owner of the site or the local person or pilot dealing with the site, may approach SAHPA Executive Committee with a written complaint against the pilot. SAHPA Executive Committee may appoint a Club or Club Licensing & Safety officer or suitable senior pilot to investigate the allegations and make recommendations for disciplinary actions, where necessary.
  4. Access to any site may be controlled by the landowner(s), or their delegates, or a club or person who has negotiated the access with the landowner(s). Site fees, where applicable, can be collected by the landowner, or where a local club has negotiated a deal for their members and/or controls the site, by the Club. Any site fees collected by clubs should be paid to the landowner timeously.
  5. Where the landowner controls the access to the site, he will assume responsibility for ensuring that all pilots are licenced in accordance with SAHPA Executive regulations, unless he has specifically appointed a local Club or person to assume this duty.
  6. All persons or bodies whom have site control are duty bound to keep SAHPA Executive Committee informed of any safety issues or ownership changes or fee requirements to allow the SAHPA third party insurance to cover pilots flying at these sites.

5.5.2 Site Rules

  1. Rules at all regular flying sites shall be drawn up having regard for landowner requirements, SAHPA rules and regulations, and general flight safety.
  2. These rules should be made available to the flying public preferably on the SAHPA website and the Club website or a sign posted on site.

5.5.3 Site Registration

  1. All regular flying sites utilised by members for flying, training and tandem flying are to be registered with the SAHPA Office. It is the responsibility of the local Clubs to ensure that this information is submitted to the SAHPA Office.
  2. A new site shall be registered with SAHPA Office within 30 days after the club's observer made a decision of opening such site as a regular flying site, providing the following information:
    1. Contact person for flying at the site
    2. Controlling body or person details
    3. Landowner details
    4. Rules applicable to the site
    5. Co-ordinates
  3. A temporary NOTAM valid for 90 days will be arranged by RAASA during the site registration process.
  4. If the site is to be made permanent then official notification to SAHPA and RAASA must occur.

Should any of the above details change, SAHPA must be informed immediately.

6 ACCIDENT REPORTING

6.1 ACCIDENT & SERIOUS INCIDENT REPORTING PROCEDURE

It is the legal duty of all pilots, in terms of the air regulations, to report flying accidents and serious incidents within 7 days of the accident or incident. The objective of collecting such data is to improve the safety of hang gliding and not to apportion blame. The following is the standard reporting procedure and responsibilities in the event of a hang gliding accident or serious incident.

6.1.1 DEFINITIONS

6.1.1.1 Incidents

A “serious incident” is any aviation occurrence that may potentially have resulted in an accident, and from which occurrence forewarning can be gained to prevent future accidents.

6.1.1.2 Accidents

An “accident” is an occurrence associated with the operation of a hang glider which takes place from the time that the hang glider is lifted up, or dragged, until such time as it comes to rest;

  1. during which time a person is fatally or seriously injured as a result of being attached to the hang glider or struck by any part or by the pilot;
  2. the hang glider sustains damage or structural failure that will adversely affect the airworthiness and would require major repair or major replacement.
  3. Damage to third party property

A “serious injury” is an injury that requires hospitalisation for more than 48 hours (within 7 days of the accident), results in the fracture of any bone (excepting simple fractures of fingers, toes and nose), involves severe lacerations or damage to internal organs.

6.2 RESPONSIBILITIES OF REPORTING

In order to get an accurate record of the accident or serious incident, several reports are required. Thus the following people shall be responsible for submitting accident reports:

  1. All pilots directly involved in the accident or incident.
  2. Any pilots who witnessed the accident or incident.
  3. The first pilot to arrive at the scene of an accident.
  4. Any pilot requested to do so by the National Safety Officer or Club Licensing & Safety Officer.
  5. The Instructor if the involved party is a student or pilot under the Instructor's supervision.

6.3 FATALITIES

In the event of a fatality, the following guidelines should be observed.

6.3.1 Police

The local branch, of the South African Police, is to be notified immediately by the senior pilot on site or his delegate.

6.3.2 Accident Scene

  1. The accident scene is not to be disturbed until permission is given by a Police Officer to do so.
  2. Where it is deemed necessary or possible, photos of the accident scene may be taken by a reputable person in order to assist the SAHPA investigation, with the permission of the police.

6.3.3 The Flying Equipment

The glider and equipment involved in an accident is to be handed to the National Safety Officer or Club Licensing & Safety Officer or their appointed person for inspection.

6.3.4 Notification to SAHPA

The National Safety Officer shall notify the SAHPA Executive and the Director General of Aero Club within 48 hours of the accident.

6.3.5 Notification by SAHPA

  1. RAASA and the CAA accident division will be notified and an investigator will be appointed.
  2. AeCSA must also be notified.

6.4 REPORTING

  1. All accidents or serious incidents must be reported to the National Safety and Training Officer or SAHPA at the above address, either by fax, telephone, e-mail or post.
  2. The report should be on the official accident report form or similar and should contain at least some or all of the following information:
    1. The names and details of the pilots, passengers and persons involved in the accident or serious incident.
    2. The names and details of witnesses to the accident.
    3. The place and time of the accident.
    4. A description of the events leading up to the accident.
    5. The extent of the injuries sustained, the first aid administered and the method of evacuation if applicable.
    6. A description of the weather conditions on the day including wind direction, velocity and variability, and thermal strength.
    7. A description of the terrain in relation to the wind direction.
    8. A description of the equipment and glider involved in the accident.
  3. Reports shall be received at the offices of SAHPA by not later than 7 days after the accident or serious incident.
  4. In the event of a fatality the National Licensing and Safety Officer shall convene an investigating committee, which shall evaluate the accident reports and submit their findings in writing to the SAHPA Committee and the Director General of the Aero Club within 21 days.
  5. Failure to report an accident or serious incident within 7 days will result in immediate suspension of the pilot involved in the accident or serious incident's license pending the outcome of an official enquiry. If the pilot is hospitalized and is unable to complete the report the NSTO or his delegate will submit the report.

6.5 Missing Pilots Procedure

  1. Report a suspected missing pilot immediately, even if you are not hundred percent sure the pilot is actually missing.
  2. Visit www.sasar.gov.za for latest information
  3. Contact : SAHPA, The NSO, the club LSO
  4. Currently contact these ATNS SAR members
    1. Santjie White 082 823 8493
    2. Johnny Smit 082 823 8450
    3. Charles Norval 082 891 6270
  5. Report to local police
  6. Note the time you are reporting and write down the name of the police officer you make the report to. It is advisable to have a witness when you do this.

6.6 STATISTICS

  1. SAHPA HG committee or the National Safety Training Officer, or their delegate shall keep records of all accidents and serious incidents and produce reports giving the statistics of all accidents and serious incidents to identify problem areas and improve safety.
  2. No names should be mentioned in the statistical reports.
  3. Statistical reports shall be released to members at least once per year.

7 SCHOOLS AND TRAINING

7.1 APPROVAL OF SCHOOLS

The SAHPA Executive Committee may officially approve hang gliding schools which conform to certain minimum standards as laid down by SAHPA, and shall maintain a Register of Approved Schools.

7.2 ENTITLEMENT

Only Hang Gliding schools that have obtained approval from the SAHPA Hang gliding Committee may carry out training. Approved Schools shall be entitled to advertise that they are registered schools approved by SAHPA and the Aero Club of South Africa.

7.3 SUSPENSION OF APPROVAL

Official approval shall be suspended if at any time the National Safety & Training Officer in conjunction with the SAHPA hang gliding committee is satisfied that the school fails to continue to meet the minimum requirements as defined at the time. In this event, SAHPA shall notify the school's proprietor or Chief Instructor in writing and shall publish an appropriate notice in the Association newsletter.

7.4 REINSTATEMENT

Approval may be reinstated once the National Safety & Training Officer is satisfied that the problem leading to suspension has been rectified. Suspended schools shall have right of appeal to the SAHPA Hang gliding Committee.

7.5 MONITORING OF SCHOOLS

Local Club Licensing & Safety Officers or the NSTO shall be responsible for monitoring schools for compliance with the minimum standards and shall notify SAHPA if they become aware of unsafe practices or falling standards.

7.6 SPOT CHECKS

The National Safety and Training Officer or their appointed delegate, shall be empowered to carry out spot checks on registered schools.

7.7 REVIEW OF STANDARDS

Minimum standards may be reviewed only by SAHPA and shall take into consideration advances in training techniques, equipment suitability, safety records and representations from interested parties.

7.8 APPLICATIONS BY SCHOOLS

To apply for registration and approval, schools shall approach the SAHPA hang gliding committee who will send a representative to check the school's qualifications against the minimum requirements and report to the National Safety & Training Officer. .Applications may only be approved at a meeting of the SAHPA hang gliding Committee. A new Registered School will be announced in the Association newsletter.

7.9 PERIOD OF VALIDITY

Approval and Registration shall be valid until the school ceases to exist, or is suspended from training in which case schools will have to reapply for registration. Schools shall provide new information on the request of the National Safety & Training Officers at any time.

7.10 MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR SCHOOLS

7.10.1 Prospectus

The school must have a written prospectus.

7.10.2 Pupil Application

A student license form must be completed by each pupil. This form must contain proviso for personal details, date of birth, a health declaration, and it may also incorporate a disclaimer/indemnity clause.

7.10.3 Theory

Formal theory lectures must be attended before the student writes the theory test.

7.10.4 Training Equipment
  1. Only hang gliders suitable for training may be used for training.
  2. Harnesses suitable for the training environment must be used.
  3. Helmets are mandatory for the purposes of training.
  4. First Aid Kit is mandatory and shall be easily accessible at all times. It must be adequately stocked in accordance with SAHPA hang gliding committee requirements as laid down from time to time, details of which will be made available on request.
  5. It is highly recommended that ground to air communication is used for the first three high flights.
7.10.5 Launching

Training may be undertaken by means of towing, self-propelled launch or on-board motorised launch in accordance with the licence requirements of their relevant section. All launching systems, including safety features in use must be in accordance with accepted International protocol, and must be approved by the National Safety & Training Officers, or their delegates. If necessary, the school will be required to demonstrate the launch systems in use.

7.11 INSTRUCTORS

7.11.1 Chief Flying Instructor

The school must have a nominated Chief Flying Instructor (CFI) who must maintain a current SAHPA Instructor rating. He/she shall be responsible for the actions of sub-qualified instructors appointed and briefed by him/her.

7.11.2 Instructor supervision

During student pilot instruction the instructor may not be flying but must be on the ground and within sight of the student at all times. Exceptions to this rule apply only when students have already completed at least two or more high flights and the instructor within reason believes that it is safe to not do so.

7.12 TRAINING SITES

  1. All sites used for regular training purposes, must be registered as such with SAHPA.
  2. Sites used for training must be suitable for the type of launch technique being used. The site must have a suitable gradient and surface for the exercise in progress, be free of dangerous obstructions, proximity of obstructions or other potential hazards.
  3. The landing zone must be visible from the launch site.

7.13 PRACTICAL TRAINING SEQUENCE

  1. Hang gliding student pilots are to be given training using the Training Manual as a guide and the Training Proficiency Card, which will include:
    1. Rigging and de-rigging
    2. Pre-flight check
    3. Ground handling
    4. Harness hang check
    5. Position, grip and attitude for take off
    6. Short hops - take-offs and landings (assisted)
    7. Ground skimming - extended straight-line flights
    8. Gentle turns - use of legs
    9. Higher nursery slope flights with turns - unassisted
    10. 90o turns - response to wing-ups
    11. At least five high flights from over 300ft (100m) or of more than 60 seconds duration. The flight must include proper co-ordinated turns and a controlled landing.
  2. Where tandem flying, winch, tow or power assisted launching is used for training, the pilot will still need to perform the training sequences in similar manner as described above.
  3. It is recommended that ground to air communication must be provided for at least the first three high solo flights and for the first ridge soaring flight.

7.14 Training Proficiency Cards

Trainees joining a hang gliding training course must be supplied with an official SAHPA Training Proficiency Card and manual, and affiliated temporarily to SAHPA. Trainee must comply with practical and theoretical requirements on the Training Proficiency Card to obtain the Hang Gliding Novice Licence before graduating to fly without supervision at approved sites.

7.15 Introduction to SAHPA

The school shall explain the following in relevant detail to the student:

  1. The purpose and position of the CAA, RAASA and AeroClub Organizations
  2. The purpose and position of SAHPA
  3. The National Hang Gliding License and rating system

Further the school shall introduce them to Club influence in areas where a club is operating.

8 DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE

8.1 REPORTING OF BREACH OF REGULATIONS

The following procedure is to be followed when carrying out disciplinary actions against members of the Association for contravention of the rules and regulations.

Members not part of the association and not part of the ARO will be immediately handed over to RAASA for prosecution.

Reporting will occur as follows:

  1. A written and signed complaint shall be received by the Executive Committee of SAHPA within three months of the alleged infringement having taken place for SAHPA to investigate and decide whether disciplinary proceedings should be implemented.
  2. Any infringement noted by the Hang gliding CSTO or the Hang gliding NSTO can be acted upon without a written notification from an individual or club
  3. Clubs taking action against a member for continuous breach of rules, should provide documentation to back up the allegations and detail the warnings issued to the member and show that SAHPA was notified.
  4. The CSTO together with the NSTO or his appointed delegate, shall investigate the matter and be convinced by the evidence available that an infringement of the rules and regulations did take place.
  5. For any violation, at the discretion of the SAHPA HG committee, a verbal warning can be given followed by a written warning if necessary or if the infringement warrants, hand them immediately over to RAASA if the infringement falls under the Part 185 regulations. If there is continued infringement then written notification of a Formal Disciplinary Hearing shall be sent to the alleged offender via email or registered letter, giving at least 14 days' notice of the time, date, venue of the hearing and the charge.
  6. The SAHPA HG committee or at their discretion, the NSTO with the CSTO will appoint a person to chair the disciplinary hearing.
  7. A formal disciplinary hearing is to be held where the charges are described and the defendant is given the opportunity to offer a defence. The defendant is responsible for their own cost to attend the hearing.
  8. If, after weighing up all the evidence and considering mitigating factors, the chairman of the disciplinary hearing finds the defendant guilty, then an appropriate penalty will be applied.
  9. Should the defendant wish to take the matter further then, upon receipt of a written request from the defendant, within 7 days of the hearing, the SAHPA Executive Committee will review the case and make a final decision. The defendant may further appeal to the RAASA and the Civil Aviation Authority for review of the decision.
  10. The severity of the disciplinary action taken should take into account the seriousness of the offence, the consequences of the action, the defendant's past offences and the circumstances under which the offence took place.
  11. Should the defendant not attend the formal hearing and not offer a valid excuse for his failure to appear, a decision will be handed down by the NS&TO and CSTO or the Chairman of the hearing, after review by the SAHPA HG Committee, in the absence of the defendant, which will be binding.

8.2 GOVERNING REGULATIONS

The procedures are governed by the Current SAHPA MOP and the penalties and regulation infringements will be as per Part 185 of the Civil Aviation Regulations.

8.3 Record keeping

SAHPA will keep record of all infringements and rulings for a period of 2 years unless a gross violation or a part 185 prosecution has taken place, wherein this will remain upon the pilots record for a period of 5 years.

EXAMPLES OF OFFENSES that can be handed over to RAASA for immediate action:

Inter alia, a person;

  1. Hindering any inspection by an authorised person.
  2. Providing false information to an authorised person.
  3. Preventing any person from performing his duty or enjoying his privileges.
  4. Operates or authorises the operation of any aircraft which is not airworthy.
  5. Acts in any way to affect the airworthiness of an aircraft.
  6. Acts in any way to affect the safety of any person.
  7. Operates an aircraft without the necessary licence or who has obtained a licence in a fraudulent manner.
  8. Ignores or does not adhere to a decision made by an authorised person or body, such as SAHPA, also during a process of appeal or arbitration.
  9. A person who wilfully does damage to 3rd party property or ignores rules pertaining to 3rd party property.

8.4 Disciplinary action

Disciplinary action by SAHPA should be consistent and follow the following format:

  1. First offence: verbal or written warning with up to one month's suspension of pilot's or instructor's licence or rating if warranted.
  2. Second offence or non compliance with the first warning: written warning via email or in the case that a member/ non member has no email address a posted letter giving up to six months' suspension of pilot's or instructor's licence or rating.
  3. Third offence or a Gross Violation: final written warning with immediate handover to RAASA for application of part 185 regulations along with up to one year suspension of pilot's or instructor's licence or rating, or permanent withdrawal of pilot's licence or rating or instructor's licence or rating.

Note: Clubs cannot suspend a licence or rating, but can recommend to the SAHPA Executive the punishment deemed suitable, if the offence warrants such strict measures. Clubs can prohibit a pilot from flying at Club controlled sites and take away some of his Club privileges, for infringement of rules, in a consistent format.

8.5 CONTINUING VIOLATIONS

Should any member or non-member continue to contravene the rules and regulations of hang gliding and fail to respond to disciplinary action, then the National Safety and Training Officer shall report the matter to RAASA and thereby the Civil Aviation Authorities (CAA) for further action.

8.6 PENALTIES

Should any member or non-member commit offences as detailed in 6.4.3 of this MOP, SAHPA will hand over the member or non member to RAASA immediately to be dealt with under part 185 of the CIVIL aviation regulations.

All pilots whose licences are due to expire at their annual renewal time will ensure that their renewals (complete paperwork and applications as required by SAHPA) along with proof of payment are furnished to the SAHPA office before the expiry date upon their licence and recorded with SAHPA.

All pilots and instructors will be given one months grace after which they will automatically be handed over to RAASA for investigation and possible prosecution and the penalties described in Part 185.

9 COMPETITIONS

9.1 GENERAL

The purpose of this section is to provide Clubs hosting Provincial, National and International competitions with the necessary regulations and authority to carry out the task.

9.2 VALIDITY

Only competitions sanctioned by SAHPA and run according to this Section will be recognised by SAHPA.

9.3 BIDS FOR STAGING COMPETITIONS

9.3.1 National and International Competitions
  1. Any Club or person wishing to stage a National or CIVL Category II Championship, must submit a bid to do so to the SAHPA Executive by 31 October of the previous year, or six months in advance of the planned date of the competition, if the competition is planned for between December and February. The SAHPA executive reserves the right to lesson the time required to hold a national competition.
  2. All bids for Category II Championships must be sanctioned by the SAHPA Executive before application may be made to the CIVL.
  3. Application for Category II Championships must be made to the CIVL at least six months before the proposed date of the competition.
  4. The bid must include details such as proposed dates, site information, maximum number of competitors, competition format, organisers, cost and available sponsors.
  5. The SAHPA Executive will appoint a club or person to stage the competition after evaluation of the bids received, if any, and inform the members of the decision.
9.3.2 Provincial Competitions
  1. Any Club or person wishing to stage a Provincial competition must submit a bid to do so to the SAHPA Executive.
  2. The bid must include details such as proposed dates, site information, maximum number of competitors, competition format, organisers, cost and available sponsors.
  3. The SAHPA Executive will appoint a club or person to stage the competition after evaluation of the bids received, if any, and inform the members of the decision.

9.4 NOTIFICATION OF COMPETITIONS

  1. SAHPA executive committee will compile a competition calendar and publish it in the SAHPA Newsletter or official website.
  2. The organisers will be responsible for sending out notification and/or entry forms prior to the event.

9.5 RESULTS

It is recommended that the official results of competitions must be submitted to SAHPA immediately after the competition. The results will be published in the newsletter.

9.6 ENTRY

  1. Notification must be distributed to the members at least one month before the competition.
  2. The following information is required on the entry form:
    1. Licence Requirements
    2. Entry Fee
    3. Deadline for registration
    4. Venue, dates and time
    5. Arrangements for transport/recovery/film/GPS
  3. A copy of the competition regulations must be available for all those requesting it.

9.7 LICENCE REQUIREMENTS

  1. Minimum experience requirements for Provincial and National competitions.
  2. Minimum age for competitors is sixteen years old.
  3. In the case for International competitions all competitors must have FAI sporting licences.

9.8 COMPETITION REGULATIONS

  1. The aim of any SAHPA Hang Gliding sanctioned competition is for recreational activity only. Any claim for commercial loss due to a competition or task being cancelled or being invalid or due to a decision by the task committee or organisers will not be tolerated.
  2. The competition rules or regulations must be submitted to SAHPA Hang Gliding committee at least one month before the start of the competition for approval.
  3. Competition regulations must be available to all competitors at the start of the competition.

9.9 ACCIDENT EMERGENCY ARRANGEMENTS

The organisers of an International competition shall provide on-site medics and ambulance facilities during the competition. Emergency arrangements for National and Inter-Provincial competitions will be at the discretion of the competitors unless otherwise arranged.

9.10 TAKE-OFF JUDGES

It is recommended that organisers of Hang Gliding competitions shall ensure that appointed take-off judges or launch assistants are briefed on the importance of competitors carry out a hang check prior to obtaining launch clearance.

9.11 SELECTION OF NATIONAL TEAMS

The selection of National Teams to compete in World Championships and other International events will be made by the SAHPA Hang Gliding committee.


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